Baby got vomit in Eye [Here’s what to do]

Verified by Edna Skopljak MD
Verified by Edna Skopljak MD

Edna Skopljak is a medical doctor and an editor at BJBMS medical journal. She graduated from the University of Sarajevo School of Science and Technology.

As a parent or caregiver, you’re bound to encounter a few messy situations, and one of those might involve your baby getting vomit in their eye. It can be a startling and distressing experience for both you and your little one.

However, don’t worry! You’re not alone in facing this issue, and we’re here to help guide you through it.

In this article, we will explore the common causes of vomiting in babies, the potential risks associated with vomit in the eye, and the steps you can take to remedy and prevent such situations.

By understanding these aspects, you’ll be better equipped to handle this type of incident and ensure your baby’s comfort and safety.

Causes of vomiting in babies

Here are some common reasons for vomiting in infants

It’s essential to understand that vomiting is a relatively common occurrence in babies, and there’s no need to panic. There are various reasons why a baby might vomit, and many of them are not cause for serious concern. Some common reasons include:

Overfeeding: It’s easy to overfeed a baby, especially when they’re very young. Overfeeding can cause discomfort and may lead to vomiting as the baby’s body tries to expel the excess food.

Gastroesophageal reflux (GER): Babies are prone to GER, which occurs when the stomach contents flow back into the esophagus. This can lead to spitting up or vomiting in some cases.

Stomach flu (gastroenteritis): This is a viral infection that can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and stomach cramps. It is usually short-lived and resolves on its own.

Situations leading to vomit in the eye (e.g., lying down, sudden gagging)

Now that we know some of the reasons for vomiting in babies, let’s look at how vomit might end up in your little one’s eye. A few scenarios can lead to this happening:

Lying down: If a baby is lying down when they vomit, gravity can cause the vomit to flow towards their face and potentially enter their eyes.

Sudden gagging: Sometimes, babies can suddenly gag or cough while they’re being held or sitting up, causing the vomit to be projected towards their face.

Projectile vomiting: Though less common, some babies might experience projectile vomiting, where vomit forcefully exits the mouth and can reach the eyes more easily.

Understanding these situations can help you anticipate and take preventive measures to minimize the likelihood of vomit getting into your baby’s eyes.

Risks associated with vomit in the eye

Here are some of the risks a baby faces when vomit enters the eyes.

Potential irritation and discomfort

When vomit enters your baby’s eye, it’s natural for both you and your little one to feel worried and uncomfortable.

The stomach acids and food particles in the vomit can cause irritation and a burning sensation in the eye, which can be distressing for your baby.

However, it’s essential to remember that while it’s certainly an unpleasant experience, it’s often not a severe issue, and prompt action can alleviate discomfort.

Infections and eye injuries

Though the risk is relatively low, it’s still essential to be aware of the potential for infections or eye injuries resulting from vomit in the eye.

Vomit can contain bacteria, which may lead to eye infections if not promptly and adequately cleaned.

Additionally, if your baby’s eye becomes excessively irritated or injured due to rubbing or scratching, it may increase the risk of infection.

The importance of immediate attention and care

Given the potential risks associated with vomit in the eye, it’s crucial to provide immediate care and attention to minimize discomfort and prevent complications.

By acting quickly and calmly, you can help ensure your baby’s eye is clean and safe, reducing the likelihood of any long-term effects from the incident.

Immediate steps to take when vomit enters the eye

If your baby does get vomit in their eye, it’s important to take immediate action to minimize irritation and reduce the risk of infection. Here are some steps you can follow:

Stay calm and reassure your baby: Your baby might be scared or upset, so it’s important to comfort them and stay composed to help them feel secure.

Gently wipe away visible debris: Using a clean, damp cloth or a cotton ball, carefully remove any large food particles or vomit from around the eye.

Flush the eye with saline solution or water: Hold your baby’s head slightly tilted back and gently pour a saline solution or lukewarm water over the affected eye to flush out any remaining particles or irritants. Be sure to use a gentle stream to avoid causing further discomfort.

Proper cleaning and care for the eye

After taking the initial steps, it’s essential to continue monitoring and caring for your baby’s eye to ensure its health and cleanliness. Keep an eye out for any signs of infection or irritation, such as redness, swelling, or discharge. If you notice any of these symptoms or if your baby seems to be in pain or discomfort, it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional for further guidance.

Tips to minimize the risk of vomiting incidents near the eyes

While it’s impossible to predict or prevent every vomiting incident, there are some steps you can take to help minimize the risk of vomit getting into your baby’s eyes:

Hold your baby upright during and after feedings: This can help reduce the risk of reflux and spit-ups that may lead to vomit in the eye.

Burp your baby regularly: Gentle burping can help release trapped air and decrease the likelihood of vomiting.

Avoid overfeeding: Stick to appropriate feeding amounts and schedules to prevent overfeeding, which can cause discomfort and vomiting.

Be prepared with a clean cloth or towel: Having a clean cloth or towel handy can help you quickly and effectively clean up any unexpected messes.

By implementing these preventive measures and being prepared to act quickly when needed, you can help protect your baby’s eyes from the potential risks and discomfort associated with vomit.


In this article, we’ve explored the common causes of vomiting in babies, the potential risks associated with vomit in the eye, and the steps you can take to remedy and prevent such situations.

It’s essential to remember that while it can be an unsettling experience, vomit in a baby’s eye is typically not a severe issue when promptly and adequately addressed.

As a parent or caregiver, it’s crucial to be vigilant and prepared for these unexpected incidents. By understanding the causes and risks, and implementing preventive measures, you can help ensure your baby’s comfort and safety.

And should the situation arise, always remember to remain calm and reassure your little one, as your composed demeanor will help them feel secure as you address the issue.

With the right knowledge, care, and attention, you can navigate this messy aspect of parenting and keep your baby’s eyes safe and healthy.